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Important Vocabs for Competitive Exams(July 11, 2018)

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Dear Aspirants,

Continuing our best effort, we at Bsc4Success come up with a new initiative, which will not only boost your preparation for the Upcoming Examinations but also helps you in making your Vocabulary strong, christened as “Exclusive Important Vocabs for Competitive Exams”. This new initiative is launched to take care of Our Aspirants preparation so that they can perform well in English section as well.

Game at Chequers: the Brexit plan.

A bunch of key resignations have upped the stakes (to increase the costs, risks, or considerations involved in taking an action or reaching a conclusion) on the British PM’s Brexit plan

British Prime Minister Theresa May is no stranger to controversy and rebellion (an act of armed resistance to an established government or leader). After the Cabinet met at her country residence, Chequers (the country house of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom), she has found herself, yet again, in the middle of a political upheaval (a violent/sudden change or disruption to something), which could either see her hand strengthened or send her packing from Downing Street (Downing Street is a street in London, United Kingdom, known for housing the official residences and offices of the Prime Minister and the Chancellor of the Exchequer). The controversy: while the Cabinet had agreed on a strategy on the kind of Brexit deal it would pursue with the European Union, some of Ms. May’s hardliner (a member of a group, who adheres uncompromisingly to a set of ideas or policies) Brexit colleagues were unhappy. Brexit Secretary David Davis and his deputy, Steve Baker, resigned, followed by Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson. The Chequers strategy is not a final deal but will form the basis of negotiations with the EU. In pursuing a soft Brexit and insisting that the time for intra-party bickering (to argument about petty and trivial matters) was over, Ms. May has mitigated (made less severe) some of the economic damage from Brexit. The policy calls for a U.K.-EU free trade area in goods and agri-products based on a “common rulebook”, with the U.K. harmonising (to add notes to produce harmony) its tariffs with the EU in these sectors. The government said it would seek flexibility with regard to trade in services — Britain’s most vital export — and a deal on financial services based on “mutual benefits of integrated markets” and financial stability. This lower level of alignment with EU rules means reduced access to EU markets for the sectors. The Cabinet agreement proposes a “joint institutional framework” to interpret agreements between the U.K. and EU, with U.K. courts implementing the framework in the U.K., and EU courts in the EU. The agreement proposes that U.K.-EU disputes will be settled by joint committees or independent binding arbitration (the use of an arbitrator) for dispute settlement. Perhaps most controversially, the document says the U.K. would apply EU case law where the common rule book was concerned. Mr. Johnson, a Brexiter who nursed prime ministerial ambitions, said this would reduce Britain to the status of a colony, having to comply with rules it did not have a say in formulating.

It is unclear what the spate of resignations means for Ms. May’s tenure as Prime Minister. While the Cabinet proposal has been criticised by high-profile Tories (political conservatives) for not having legs, several Brexiters, including Environment Secretary Michael Gove and International Trade Secretary Liam Fox, remain in Ms. May’s Cabinet. On Monday, following Mr. Johnson’s resignation, Ms. May met with Tory backbenchers (Members of Parliament who does not hold office in the government or opposition) and appeared to receive their enthusiastic support. As things stand, a vote of no-confidence appears unlikely. But there could also be a fallout (the adverse results of an action) from President Donald Trump’s visit to the U.K. this week. Positive news on the future of bilateral trade would give her a boost, but Mr. Trump has suggested he may speak with Mr. Johnson while in the U.K. For the moment, Ms. May’s position looks safe. But all this could change dramatically if more resignations follow.

Source – The Hindu


1. Upped the stakes (Phrase) – To increase the risk involved in taking an action or reaching a conclusion


2. Rebellion (Noun) – An act of armed resistance to an established government or leader (विद्रोह)

Synonyms – Dissent, Insurgency, Insurrection, Revolution, Uprising, Apostasy, Defiance, Disobedience, Heresy, Insubordination, Insurgence, Nonconformity, Schism

Antonyms – Obedience, Orthodoxy, Submission, Harmony, Peace


3. Chequers (Noun) – The country house of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom


4. Upheaval (Noun) – A violent/sudden change or disruption to something (उथल-पुथल)

Synonyms – Cataclysm, Catastrophe, Disaster, Disorder, Disruption, Disturbance, Eruption, Explosion, Ferment, Outbreak, Revolution, Shakeout, Temblor, Tremor, Tumult, Turmoil

Antonyms – Order, Peace, Success, Harmony, Quiet, Silence, Stagnation


5. Downing Street (Noun) – A street in London, United Kingdom, known for housing the official residences and offices of the Prime Minister and the Chancellor of the Exchequer


6. Hardliner (Adjective) – A member of a group, who adheres uncompromisingly to a set of ideas or policies (कट्टरपंथी)

Synonyms – Adamant, Austere, Definite, Inflexible, Intransigent, Rigorous, Stern, Stringent, Uncompromising, Unyielding

Antonyms – Flexible, Gentle, Irresolute, Lenient, pliant, Limber, Pliable


7. Bickering (Verb) – To argue about petty and trivial matters (कहा सुनी)

Synonyms – Disagree, Quarrel, Quibble, Spar, Squabble, Wrangle, Altercate, Brawl, Caterwaul, Cavil, Dig, Dispute, Fight, Hassle, Row, Scrap, Scrape, Spat, Tiff

Antonyms – Agree, Concur, Concede, Discuss


8. Mitigate (Verb) – Make (something bad) less severe, serious, or painful (कम)

Synonyms – Alleviate, Reduce, Diminish, Lessen, Weaken, Lighten, Attenuate, Allay, Ease, Assuage, Palliate, Cushion, Damp, Deaden, Dull, Appease, Soothe, Relieve, Soften, Temper, Still, Quell, Quieten, Quiet, Blunt, Dilute, Moderate, Modify, Abate, Lull, Pacify, Placate, Mollify, Sweeten, Tranquillise, Remit, Extenuate, Excuse, Commute

Antonyms – Aggravate, Increase, Intensify


9. Harmonising (Verb) – To add notes to produce harmony (तालमेल)


10. Arbitration (Noun) – The use of an arbitrator (विवाचन)

Synonyms – Adjudication, Mediation, Mediatorship, Negotiation, Conciliation, Intervention, Interceding, Interposition, Peacemaking, Judgement, Re-Arbitrament

Antonyms – Disagreement, Indecision


11. Tory (Noun) – A political conservative (अनुदारवादी)


12. Backbencher (Noun) – A Member of Parliament who does not hold office in the government or opposition (सामान्य सांसद)


13. Fallout (Noun) – The adverse results of an action (नतीजा)


 

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