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Important Vocabs for Competitive Exams(July 4, 2018)

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Dear Aspirants,

Continuing our best effort, we at Bsc4Success come up with a new initiative, which will not only boost your preparation for the Upcoming Examinations but also helps you in making your Vocabulary strong, christened as “Exclusive Important Vocabs for Competitive Exams”. This new initiative is launched to take care of Our Aspirants preparation so that they can perform well in English section as well.

Stop lynchings

Bigotry (intolerance towards those who hold different opinions from oneself) fed by social media is at an all-time high, the official response is sorely (to a very high degree) disappointing

The spate (a large number of similar things coming in quick succession) of lynchings (premeditated extrajudicial killing by group) reported from across India requires intervention at the highest levels of the central and state governments. No place appears safe from the deadly cocktail of social media and rumour-mongering (the act of spreading rumours) centred on child lifting and cattle theft/slaughter. The latest incident from Dhule in Maharashtra, where the accused from a tribal village lynched five nomads (A nomad is a member of a community of people who live in different locations, moving from one place to another in search of grasslands for their animals) seeking alms, reveals a dangerous pattern. In almost every case related to child lifting, the victims were strangers unfortunate to pass by an area in which rumours were circulating wildly.

In the gau raksha lynchings too, an atmosphere of communal discord and hatred against Muslims prepared fertile ground for vigilantism (law enforcement undertaken without legal authority by a self-appointed group of people) to ensue (happen). The scale of the lynching menace (a threat or danger) is evident from the murderous assault (a physical attack) on a daily wager hired by Tripura government to create awareness against rumours and exercising prudence (cautiousness). This is not an issue which government can outsource to private individuals or agencies. It stems from a fundamental distrust and dysfunctionality of the criminal justice delivery system. Only fear of the law can disperse a prospective mob before it forms.

Source – The Times of India


1. Bigotry (Noun) – Intolerance towards those who hold different opinions from oneself (कट्टरता)

Synonyms – Bias, Discrimination, Fanaticism, Injustice, Racism, Sexism, Unfairness, Dogmatism, Narrow-mindedness, Partiality, Provincialism, Racialism, Sectarianism

Antonyms – Fairness, Impartiality, Broad-mindedness, Open-mindedness, Tolerance


2. Sorely (Adverb) – To a very high degree (कष्टदायी रूप से)

Synonyms – Acutely, Badly, Greatly, Sadly, Severely, Woefully, Painfully, Distressfully, Grievously


3. Spate (Noun) – A large number of similar things coming in quick succession (चढ़ाव)

Synonyms – Deluge, Flood, Flurry, Outpouring, String, Succession, Torrent, Wave, Run, Rush


4. Lynching (Noun) – Lynching is a premeditated extrajudicial killing by a group. It is most often used to characterize informal public executions by a mob in order to punish an alleged transgressor, or to intimidate a group (गैर कानूनी ढंग से प्राणदंड)


5. Rumour-mongering (Noun) – The act of spreading rumours (अवघोष)


6. Nomad (Noun) – A nomad is a member of a community of people who live in different locations, moving from one place to another in search of grasslands for their animals (खानाबदोश)


7. Vigilantism (Noun) – Law enforcement undertaken without legal authority by a self-appointed group of people (अतिसतर्कता)


8. Ensue (Verb) – To happen (अनुघतित होना)

Synonyms – Arise, Befall, Come up, Emanate, Occur, Turn out, Vappear, Attend, Derive, Develop, Eventuate, Flow, Follow, Issue, Proceed, Result, Stem, Succeed, Supervene

Antonyms – Cause, Cease, Disregard, Halt, Neglect, Precede, Repress, Stop, Antecede


9. Menace (Noun) – A threat or danger (खतरा)

Synonyms – Hazard, Peril, Plague, Risk, Threat

Antonyms – Safety, Surety, Comfort, Delight, Happiness, Pleasure, Aid, Assistance, Help


10. Assault (Noun) – A physical attack (हमला)

Synonyms – Incursion, Onslaught

Antonyms – Retreat


11. Prudence (Noun) – Cautiousness (सावधानी)

Synonyms – Austerity, Conservatism, Diligence, Discretion, Foresight, Frugality, Judgment, Tact, Vigilance, Wisdom

Antonyms – Carelessness, Ignorance, Indiscretion, Stupidity, Thoughtlessness, Disregard, Inattention, Neglect, Negligence, Spending, Squandering, Imprudence, Rashness, Recklessness


 

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