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Study@Night : Reasoning(September 13, 2018)

2 months ago 0 comments

Dear Aspirants,
Reasoning Ability Section plays a pivotal role to score better in Banking and other competitive exams. Now a day, all the exams have higher level of reasoning questions. The questions asked in this section are tricky and time-consuming. But, once dealt with proper strategy, speed, and accuracy, this section will definitely award you the maximum marks in the examination. Here is another set of Questions to improve your speed and practice. Make most of it.

Directions (Q. 1-5): Study the following information to answer the given questions.

A word and number arrangement machine when given an input of words and numbers, rearranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

Input:     economy on 16 is cool hot begin 14 but new again 24
Step I:    begin 14 economy on 16 is cool hot but new again 24
Step II: begin 14 on 16 economy is cool hot but new again 24
Step III: begin 14 on 16 again 24 economy is cool hot but new
Step IV: begin 14 on 16 again 24 new economy is cool hot but
Step V:   begin 14 on 16 again 24 new is economy cool hot but
Step VI: begin 14 on 16 again 24 new is hot economy cool but
Step VI is the last step of the rearrangement.

As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the following input:

Input: Garden heat 36 in 8 below normal in 2 over

1. Which of the following would be the final arrangement?

1) in 2 in 8 heat 36 Garden below normal over
2) in 2 in 8 heat 36 over normal Garden below
3) in 2 in 8 heat 36 normal over Garden below
4) in 2 in 8 heat 36 normal Garden over below
5) None of these

2. Which step number will be the following output?
in 2 in 8 heat 36 Garden below normal over

1) III                      2) IV                       3) VI        4) V                        5) There will be no such step

3. In Step IV which of the following words/numbers would be at eighth position from the left?

        1) over                   2) 36                       3) below

        4) Garden              5) None of these

4. Which of the following steps will be the last but one step of the rearrangement?

        1) IV       2) V        3) VI       4) VII     5) None of these

5. In step III, if ‘heat’ is related to ‘Garden’ and ‘Garden’ is related to ‘normal’ in a certain way, which of the following would ‘36’ be related to in the same pattern?

        1) Heat                  2) Normal              3) 8

      4) Below                5) None of these

6. A very large number of students have failed in the Intermediate board examination due to some faulty questions in one of the subjects.

Which of the following can be an effective step to sort out this matter?

I.  All the students should be awarded equal marks in that subject.
II.  All the students who have failed in that subject should be allowed to take supplementary examination.
III.  State education minister should resign by taking moral responsibility.

All those who are responsible for the error should be suspended and an enquiry should be initiated to find out the facts.

        1) Only I and III                          2) Only II and III

        3) Only I and IV                          4) Only II and IV

        5) None of these

7. Efforts to develop technologies more appropriate to the needs of the poorest sections of society need to be further intensified.

Which of the following assumptions is/are implicit in the the above statement? (An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted.)

I.  Technology needs are different for different sections of society.
II.  Nothing is impossible if proper efforts are made.
III.  It is possible to develop appropriate technologies for various economic sections of the society.

        1) Only I and II                            2) Only II and III

        3) Only I and III                          4) Only III

        5) All I, II and III

8. There is a shift in our economy from a manufacturing to a service orientation. The increase in service sector will require the managers to work more with people rather than with objects and things from the assembly line.

The paragraph best support the statement that

       1) Managers should have a balanced mind.

  2) Interpersonal skills will become more important in the future workplace.

       3) Assembly line will exist in service organisations.

       4) Manufacturing organisations ignore importance of people.

       5) None of these

(9-10):

There is more bad news on food front. It now appears certain that there will be a shortfall of about 8 million tonnes in food production in the current Kharif season, which in turn means 5 million tonnes less than the production achieved in the last Kharif season. However, rice procurement may only be partially affected since West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh have had sufficient rainfall while Punjab, the major contributor to the central pool, is less dependent on rainfall. Still, the overall availability of rice may go down by more than 3 million tonnes. There may be worse news ahead.

        (A)  The procurement price of rice will increase this year.

        (B) There may be worse situations due to severe drought in Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal.

        (C) Rice is mainly produced in Kharif season.

        (D) There is no canal water facility in Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal.

9. Which of the statements among the given statements (A), (B), (C) and (D) is/are definitely true?

        1) Only (A)            2) Only (B)            3) Only (C)

        4) Only (D)            5) None of these

10. Which of the statements among the given statements (A), (B), (C) and (D) is/are definitely false?

        1) Only (A)            2) Only (C)            3) Only (B) and (C)

        4) Only (B)            5) None of these


Answers:

(1-5):

Here numerals are fewer than words. First, words combining with numbers get arranged in ascending order of numbers, and then rest of the words are rearranged in reverse alphabetical order in subsequent steps.

Input: Garden heat 36 in 8 below normal in 2 over

Step I: in 2 Garden heat 36 in 8 below normal over

Step II: in 2 in 8 Garden heat 36 below normal over

Step III: in 2 in 8 heat 36 Garden below normal over

Step IV: in 2 in 8 heat 36 over Garden below normal

Step V: in 2 in 8 heat 36 over normal Garden below

1. 2

2. 1               

3. 4 Step IV: in 2 in 8 heat 36 over Garden below normal.

4. 1

5. 4

6. 4; I. cannot be justified.

II. is an effective step as it will give an opportunity to the victims of faulty paper.

III.wouldn’t lead to any conclusion.

IV. is an effective step to prevent such incidents in future and will also be helpful to take disciplinary action against persons responsible for faulty question papers.

7. 3; Assumption I. is implicit, that is why needs of the poorest section are being talked about.

Assumption II. The term ‘nothing’ has a broad range of connotations. So, it is not implicit.

Assumption III. is implicit obviously because it is talking about the efforts to be further intensified.

8. 2; Because managers will have to make better communication in the future to cooperate with the increasing workforce.

9. 3; Only (C) is definitely true, as it can be directly inferred from the passage.

(A) and (D) may or may not be true.

10. 4; Only (B), as it is clearly mentioned that both Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal have had sufficient rainfall.

 

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