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Here is Daily GA Dose of the day. Make yourself benefited from the same.
Dec 03: International Day of Persons with Disabilities
- The International Day of Persons with Disabilities is observed every year on Dec 03 to promote the rights and well-being of persons with disabilities in all spheres of society and development.
- 2018 Theme: ‘Empowering persons with disabilities and ensuring inclusiveness and equality’.
- It focuses on empowering persons with disabilities for an inclusive, equitable and sustainable development as part of 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) pledges to ‘leave no one behind’.
Dec 02: International Day for the Abolition of Slavery
- The International Day for the Abolition of Slavery is observed on Dec 02 every year with an objective to raise awareness about slavery and its impact on the society.
- The day marks the adaptation of resolution ‘Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Prostitution of Others’ by United Nations (UN) General Assembly on Dec 02, 1949.
- The day is on eradicating contemporary forms of slavery, such as trafficking in persons, sexual exploitation, forced marriage, worst forms of child labour and forced recruitment of children for use in armed conflict.
Dec 01: World AIDS Day
- The World AIDS Day (WAD) is observed every year on Dec 01 to raise awareness of the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) pandemic caused by the spread of HIV infection.
- 2018 theme: ‘Know your status’.
- It provides an opportunity for people worldwide to unite in the fight against HIV, to show support for people living with HIV, and to commemorate those who have died from an AIDS-related illness.
India to host G20 Summit in 2022
- India will host G20 Summit in 2022, when it celebrates its 75th year of Independence.
- It has been announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi during ongoing G20 meet of international grouping in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
- It comes after Italy accepted India’s formal request to host this summit in 2021 as earlier it was going to host it in 2022.
- G20 is premier forum for international economic cooperation and decision-making for governments and central bank governors from 20 major economies to focus on economic issues and other important development challenges.
- It comprises of total 19 countries plus European Union (EU), representing 85% of global GDP, 80% of international trade, 65% of world’s population.
- It members include Australia, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, India, France, Germany, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, Russia, Turkey, South Africa, UK, US and EU.
24th Conference of Parties to UNFCCC begins Katowice, Poland
- The 24th meeting of Conference of Parties (COP-24) to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has begun at Katowice, Poland.
- COP-24 is expected to finalise guidelines for implementation of Paris Agreement adopted in 2016.
- Indian delegation to this conference is led by Environment Minister, Dr Harsh Vardhan.
- India expects that COP-24 will be able to frame guidelines, which are pragmatic and gives due consideration to challenges and priorities of developing countries.
- India considers that outcome of COP-24 should be balanced, inclusive, and consistent with principles and provisions of Convention and its Paris Agreement.
- India strongly supports objective of Paris Agreement to strengthen global response to threat of climate change by keeping global temperature rise well below 2 degrees Celsius from pre- industrial revolution period.
2nd International Ambedkar Conclave (IAC-2018) inaugurated in New Delhi
- The 2nd International Ambedkar Conclave (IAC-2018) inaugurated by President Ram Nath Kovind in New Delhi as part of the commemoration of Constitution Day.
- The Conclave is being organised by the Forum of SC and ST Legislators and Parliamentarians and the Dr Ambedkar Chamber of Commerce.
First India-ASEAN InnoTech Summit held in New Delhi
- The first India-ASEAN InnoTech Summit held in New Delhi.
- It was organized by Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry (FICCI) in association with Department of Science & Technology (DST) and Ministry of External Affairs.
India’s first engine-less train becomes country’s fastest train
- India’s first indigenously designed locomotive-less (engine less) train known as Train 18, breached the 180 kmph speed limit during test run in Kota-Sawai Madhopur section.
- When this train is made operational, it will become the country’s fastest train.
- It is touted as next generation Shatabdi Express and will connect metros with other important cities.
- Train 18 has been rolled out in October 2018 at Chennai’s Integral Coach Factory (ICF).
- Train 18 is capable of touching 200 kmph provided the rest of Indian Railways’ system such as tracks and signals permit.
- It will replacing current 30-year-old Shatabdi Express – a day train.
- It will be first long-distance train without separate locomotive (engine).
India’s first owl festival held in Pune
- India’s first owl festival has been held at Pingori village in Purandar taluka of Pune.
- The two-day festival, organised by Ela Foundation (an NGO working towards nature education and conservation), will give information on owl conservation and feature art forms like pictures, paintings, lanterns, lamp shades, posters, origami, stitched articles, poems and stories on owls.
- It is a first-of-its-kind festival, which was organised with the intention of creating awareness about owl as a bird and debunking numerous superstitions associated with it.
- According to a report published by Traffic India and the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) in 2010, owls were found to be consumed and traded for a wide variety of purposes, including black magic, street performances, taxidermy, private aviaries/zoos, food and in folk medicines.
- Despite being protected under the Wildlife (Protection) Act of India, the report has found owls to be highly prized and in demand for black magic purposes.
EU to be the first carbon neutral major economy by 2050 – A Clean Planet for All
- The European Union has announced a long-term vision on combating climate change that aims to transform the bloc into the first carbon neutral major economy by 2050 – A Clean Planet for All.
- Emissions of greenhouse gases after that date would have to be offset by planting trees or by burying the gases underground.
- Its plan will include steps such as investing in realistic technological solutions ( such as solar and wind energy ) to help lower carbon emissions.
Govt puts imports of gold dore in restricted category
- The Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) under Ministry of Commerce and Industry has put imports of gold dore in restricted category, which means, now, importer needs a license to import this commodity.
- Gold dore is semi-pure alloy of gold and silver which is refined for further purification.
- Proportions of silver and gold can vary widely.
- Refined gold bars are manufactured from gold dore bar.
- India imports about 900 tonnes of gold year making it world’s second-biggest gold consumer after China.
India to Chair Kimberley Process Certification Scheme from Jan 2018
- India will chair Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) from Jan 01, 2018.
- Chairmanship has been handed over to India by the European Union during KPCS Plenary 2018, which was held in Brussels, Belgium.
- India as KPCS Chair will be committed to make KPCS stronger process in terms of inclusiveness, strengthened administration and implementation.
- Kimberley Process is joint initiative of governments, industry and civil societies to stem flow of ‘conflict diamonds’, rough diamonds used by rebel groups to finance wars against legitimate govts.
13th International CII Agro Tech 2018
- President Ram Nath kovind has inaugurated the 13th edition of International CII Agro Tech 2018 with the theme ‘Technology in Agriculture: Increasing Farmer’s Income’.
- The International Agro Technology and Business Fair is being organised by Confederation of Indian Industries (CII).
- In the fair, the partner country is Great Britain while focus countries are Canada and China.
- Here, Punjab and Haryana are the host states for international agricultural expo.
FSSAI launches Heart Attack Rewind Campaign
- Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has launched media campaign ‘Heart Attack Rewind’, calling for elimination of industrially produced trans-fat in the food supply.
- It will support FSSAI’s global target of eliminating trans-fat in India by 2022, a year ahead of global target by World Health Organization (WHO).
- It is in line with FSSAOI’s objective to get Freedom from ‘Trans Fat: India@75’.
- Heart Attack Rewind Campaign is the first mass media campaign of its kind that will educate consumers about the harmful effects and its link to cardiovascular diseases.
Growth rate of 8 infrastructure sectors slows down to 4.8% in Oct 2018
- According to index of eight core industries released by Ministry of Commerce and Industry, growth rate of eight infrastructure sectors has been slowed down to 4.8 per cent in Oct 2018.
- It was mainly due to contraction in production of crude oil, natural gas and fertilizer.
- It had recorded growth rate of 5% in Oct 2017.
- During Apr-Oct 2018-19, eight sectors recorded a growth rate of 5.4% against 3.5 per cent in the same period last year.
Nagaland govt signs pact with Estonian academy
- The Nagaland govt has signed pact with Estonian academy to enlighten the state people on the e-governance models prevailing in the world.
- It is 5-year agreement with the e-Governance Academy of Estonia.
- The main objective is to work together to develop and expand scientific collaboration on setting up e-Governance Academy in Nagaland.
- The agreement was signed during the current edition of the e-Naga Summit, held with a vision to embark on a process to instill the spirit of innovation and use of technology for impacting positive change in the society.
Govt forms Rajiv Kumar Committee
- Union Govt has constituted six-member committee to look at selling as many as 149 small and marginal oil and gas fields of state-owned Oil and Natural Gas Corp (ONGC) and Oil India Ltd (OIL) to private and foreign companies to boost domestic output.
- It will be headed by NITI Aayog Vice Chairman Rajiv Kumar and includes Cabinet Secretary P K Sinha, Oil Secretary M M Kutty, Economic Affairs Secretary Subhash Chandra Garg, NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant and ONGC Chairman and Managing Director Shashi Shanker as members.
South African President Cyril Ramaphosa to be chief guest at Republic Day celebrations 2019
- South African President Cyril Ramaphosa will be the chief guest at India’s 70th Republic Day celebrations on Jan 26, 2019.
- He was invited to be chief guest by Prime Minister Narendra Modi when two leaders met on sidelines of G20 summit in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
- The announcement comes month after US President Donald Trump declined India’s invitation to be chief guest.
Uttarakhand adjudged the best state at the 38th IITF
- Uttarakhand has been adjudged the best state at the 38th India International Trade Fair (IITF) in New Delhi, which showcased reconstruction work done at Kedarnath in recent months besides steps taken by the state govt to boost tourism and promote local products like organic honey.
- Beside this, Himachal Pradesh pavilion has been awarded silver medal for excellent display in the 2018 IITF.
Book ‘Architecture of Justice: A Pictorial Walk-through of the Supreme Courts and High Courts of India’ released
- The book ‘Architecture of Justice: A Pictorial Walk-through of the Supreme Courts and High Courts of India’, authored by father-son duo Vinay Thakur and Amogh Thakur, has been released by the Chief Justice of India (CJI) Ranjan Gogoi at the Indian International Centre.
- The book, a sequel to Vinay’s earlier book ‘The Courts of India Past to Present’ (2016), is not about photographs alone, and is replete with interesting trivia and anecdotes about the monumental buildings.
ISRO successfully launches earth observation satellite HysIS
- Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has successfully launched country’s first advance earth observation satellite Hyper Spectral Imaging Satellite (HysIS) along with 30 other satellites from eight countries.
- These satellites were launched on board of ISRO’s workhorse PSLV-C43 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) at Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh.
- PSLV-C43 was 45th flight of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) with combined payload of 641.5kg.
- It was ‘Core Alone’ version of PSLV i.e. lightest version of the launch vehicle.
- HysIS weighing around 380 kg was primary payload of this PSLV-C43 mission.
India, US Air Forces exercise Ex Cope India-2018 begins
- Air Forces of India and US have begun their 12-day joint exercise ‘Ex Cope India-2018’ in West Bengal.
- It is fourth edition in series of bilateral joint exercise held by Air Forces of two nations conducted in India.
- This year for the first time exercise will be held at two Air Force bases in West Bengal’s Kalaikunda and Panagarh.
UNESCO/Emir Jaber al-Ahmad al Jaber al Sabah Prize awarded to Vashkar Bhattacharjee and Tencent
- Bangladeshi disabilities’ advocate Vashkar Bhattacharjee and Chinese private sector ICT enterprise, Tencent (China) have been awarded UNESCO/Emir Jaber al Sabah Prize for Digital Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities.
- They were awarded for there outstanding contribution to empowerment of persons with Disabilities.
Slovenia becomes first NATO nation to appoint a female Chief of Armed Forces
- Slovenia has become the first NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) nation to appoint female Chief of Armed Forces after Major General Alenka Ermenc took the post of Head of its Army.
- Slovenia, which originally was part of Yugoslavia, joined NATO and the European Union in 2004.
- NATO is an international alliance that consists of 29 member states and 28 EU nations.
Sunil Arora takes over as new CEC
- Sunil Arora assumed charge as 23rd Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) of India.
- He succeeded OP Rawat who retired on Dec 01.
- He will have nearly two-and-a-half-year tenure as CEC and General Election 2019 to 17th Lok Sabha will be conducted under his stewardship.
Salome Zurabishvili elected as the first woman president
- Salome Zurabishvili, a French-born Georgian politician, has been elected the first woman president in the history of Georgia.
- She will become the first woman to hold the office in a permanent capacity on Dec 16, 2018 and will serve a six-year term under a one-term measure.
- The President of Georgia is head of state and a guarantor of national independence and unity of the country.
Abhinav Bindra becomes first Indian to get highest shooting honour
- Ace Indian shooter Abhinav Bindra and still India’s only individual Olympic gold medallist has been awarded coveted International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) Blue Cross.
- With this Bindra is the first Indian to be awarded the Blue Cross.
- The award is conferred for outstanding contribution to sport of shooting and honours distinguished members of the international shooting fraternity.
- Blue Cross is highest recognition conferred by parent body of international shooting ISSF.
Iravatham Mahadevan passes away
- The renowned epigraphist and Padma Shri recipient, Iravatham Mahadevan has passed away in Chennai, Tamil Nadu aged 88.
- A former civil servant, he also helmed the well-known Tamil daily ‘Dinamani’ as its Editor in the late 1980s.
- He was known for his successful decipherment of Tamil-Brahmi inscriptions and for his expertise on the epigraphy of the Indus Valley Civilization.