Latest Pattern Reading Comprehension for SBI PO/Clerk/GIC Re/IBPS RRBs
Directions: Read each paragraph carefully and answer the question(s) given below them. Certain words are given in bold to help you to locate them while answering some questions.
Paragraph-1 Rationalism has been defined as the mental attitude which unreservedly accepts the supremacy of reason and aims at establishing a system of philosophy and ethics verifiable by experience and independent of all arbitrary assumptions or authority. This definition of rationalism was framed at the inauguration of the Rationalist Press Association (RPA) in London in the year 1899.
1. This paragraph best supports the statement that –
- Ethics does not constitute a part of philosophy.
- One has to accept certain beliefs to find the final truth.
- Rationalism is a not a set of beliefs which is devoid of verification.
- Mental attitude is independent of all assumptions.
- Only RPA can establish philosophy of Rationalism.
2. Which of the following words is most nearly the SAME in meaning as the word “unreservedly” as used in the paragraph?
Paragraph-2 The phenomena of child labour is quite complex. Children work because they belong to poor families who cannot survive without the benefit of the income which accrues to the family on account of child labour. Any attempt to abolish it through legal recourse would, under the circumstances, not be practical. The only alternative is to ban child labour in hazardous areas and to regulate and ameliorate the conditions of work in other areas. Many developing countries including India have accepted this approach.
3. According to the paragraph, abolishing child labour through legal means is most likely to result into –
- dragging/pushing the family of the child in acute economic stress.
- shortage of labour in other areas of work.
- regulation of services of adult workers.
- betterment of working conditions of adult labourers.
- better understanding of reality.
4. What can be inferred about the policy being followed about child labour in India?
(A) Giving economic benefits to the families of child labourers.
(B) Reducing/controlling child labour in unhealthy areas of work.
(C) Monitoring and improving working conditions for children.
- Only A and B
- Only B and C
- Only A and C
- Only B
- None of these
5. Which of the following words is most nearly the SAME in meaning to the word “ameliorate” as used in the paragraph?
Paragraph-3 In today’s world where teachers have a busy schedule, it is noticed that only a few teachers have time for the student’s learning experiences. One thing which is lacking in almost all classrooms is teachers motivating students to do better. What happens is that teachers would like to give attention to the students who have high intelligence and who are academically good. A larger portion of the student population is neglected. Teachers blame them for not trying to do their best.
6. The author would like the teachers to –
- motivate bright students to enhance their academic achievements.
- improve their own academic standards to motivate students.
- keep their schedule busy by carrying out various duties.
- encourage and give planned learning experiences to all students.
- encourage good students to help poor students.
7. According to the author why are teachers not in a position to perform their expected role?
- Majority of the students neglect classroom teaching.
- The students are very busy and have less time to learn.
- Intelligent students are after teacher seeking their help in studies.
- They are forced to spend more time in motivating good students.
- None of these
Paragraph-4 Due to the development of individualism and permissiveness, social norms have become slack and parents and teachers are unable to play their traditional role of shaping the character of their children and peoples. The growing complexity of society due to technological development and the slackness of social norms as a result of the growth of individualism and permissiveness are the two causes of the moral crisis of our time.
8. According to the author, which of the following is one of the outcomes of the present crisis of our time?
- Inability of parents and teachers to develop value base of children
- more than expected growth of science and technology
- increasing social cohesiveness in spite of violence and disturbances
- Emergence of new social norms which obstruct growth of individualism
- None of these
9. Which of the following words is most OPPOSITE in meaning of the word “slackness” as used in the paragraph?
Paragraph-5 Marx, the founder of communism, had predicted the failure and eventual overthrow of capitalism because of what he regarded as its inherent contradiction. He visualized that capitalism would maintain the wages of labour at a low subsistence level, while progressively increasing its productivity by the employment of technologically advanced means of production. During last many decades the real wages of workers in advanced capitalist countries has gradually and progressively increased. The prediction of Marx has not been borne out by history.
10. Which of the following supports the statement “the prediction … borne out by history”?
- Capitalism has just survived but not taken firm roots.
- The salaries of the employees have gone up in advanced countries.
- Technological development has not taken place in capitalist countries.
- The salaries of all the employees have gone down in all the countries.
- There is no increase in the productivity of workers.