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Study@Night: Critical Reasoning

3 days ago 0 comments

159 total views, 6 views today

Dear Aspirants,

Reasoning Ability Section plays a pivotal role to score better in Banking and other competitive exams. Now a day, all the exams have higher level of reasoning questions. The questions asked in this section are tricky and time-consuming. But, once dealt with proper strategy, speed, and accuracy, this section will definitely award you the maximum marks in the examination. Here is another set of Questions to improve your speed and practice. Make most of it.

Directions (Q. 1-3): Each question given below consists of a statement followed by two arguments numbered I and II.

You have to decide which of the arguments is a ‘strong’ argument and which is a ‘weak’ argument. Give answer

1) if only argument I is strong.

2) if only argument II is strong.

3) if only either I or II is strong.

4) if neither I nor II is strong.

5) if both arguments I and II are strong.

1.Statement: Should entrepreneurs be encouraged?

Arguments: I.Yes, they will help in industrial development of the country.

II.Yes, they will reduce the burden on employment market.

2.Statement: Should officers accepting bribe be punished?

Arguments: I.No, certain circumstances may have compelled them.

II.Yes, they should do the job they are entrusted with honestly.

3.Statement: Should India make efforts to harness solar energy to fulfil its energy requirement?

Arguments: I.Yes, most of the energy sources used at present are exhaustible.

II.No, harnessing solar energy requires a lot of capital, which India lacks.

Directions (Q. 4-6): In each question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered I, II and III. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the three suggested courses of action logically follows for pursuing.

4.Statement: A large number of persons have become critically ill after taking spurious medicine from a local chemist.

Course of action:

I.The government should immediately close down all the shops selling spurious medicine till the stocks are further tested for presence of toxicity.

II.The chemist should be asked to leave the city and open a shop somewhere else.

III.The owner of the shop should immediately be arrested and tried for criminal negligence.

1) Only I and II follow

2) Only I and III follow

3) Only II follows

4) Only II and III follow

5) All follow

5.Statement: Many private sector banks have increased the interest rates on savings bank accounts in comparison to public sector banks.

Course of action:

I.The case should be placed by the public sector banks before the regulatory authority for investigation as they cannot allow such an increase.

II.Public sector banks must adopt such policies as would help them remain in competition.

III.Public sector banks should advertise their special features repeatedly so that they do not lose their future customers.

1) Only I and II follow

2) Only I and III follow

3) Only either II or III follows

4) All follow

5) None of these

6.Statement: People residing in some tribal areas are far from education.

Course of action:

I.Government should render all possible help to NGOs to open schools there.

II.A mass awareness programme should be initiated in these areas.

III.People residing in those areas should be shifted to bigger cities.

1) Only I and III follow

2) Only II and III follow

3) Only I follows

4) Only II

5) Only I and II

Directions (Q. 7-9): Each question given below consists of a statement followed by three arguments numbered I, II and III. You have to decide which of the arguments is/are strong and which is/are weak and accordingly choose your answer from the alternatives given below each question.

7.Statement: Should women be given equal opportunity in the matter of employment in every field?

Arguments: I.Yes, they are equally capable.

II.No, they have to shoulder household responsibilities.

III.Yes, why not?

1) Only III is strong

2) Only I and III are strong

3) Only I is strong

4) Only I and II are strong

5) All are strong

8.Statement: Should there be compulsory military training for each college student in India?

Arguments: I.Yes, this is the only way to build a strong and powerful nation.

II.No, compulsion leads to repulsion.

III.No, this goes against the basic democratic right of an individual to choose his/her own career path.

1) Only I is strong

2) Only I and II are strong

3) Only III is strong

4) Only II and III are strong

5) All are strong

9.Statement: Should children be prevented completely from watching television?

Arguments: I.No, we get vital

information regarding education through television.

II.No, this is the only way to educate the masses.

III.Yes, it hampers the study of children.

1) Only III is strong

2) Only II and III are strong

3) Only II is strong

4) Only I is strong

5) Only I and II are strong

Directions (Q 10-11): Read the following paragraph carefully and answer the questions that follow

The agitated guardians of grade IX students of a high-profile public school of North Carolina protested against the newly introduced audio-visual aid of teaching methodology. According to them, it is of benefit to a handful of students only, and majority of students will not be getting any help because of this technology.
These questions are based on the information given above and the sentences given below labelled as I, II, III, IV and V.

I.Change is a gradual process and it takes some time for people to adjust to it.

II.Guardians are happy with the new teaching methodology, ie via the use of audio-visual techniques.

III.It is not the responsibility of the school to take care of the weaker students.

IV. This modern technology of teaching should be scrapped as soon as possible.

V. Guardians are unhappy with the new teaching methodology used by the school.

10.Which of the following statements above could be a possible conclusion from the above passage?

1) Only I

2) Only II

3) Only IV

4) Both IV and II

5) Only V

11.Which of the following could be a possible statement that should be used by the school management to defend themselves?

1) Both II and V

2) Only III

3) Only I

4) Only V

5) Both IV and III

Answers:
  1. 5
  2. 2
  3. 1
  4. 2
  5. 5
  6. 5
  7. 3
  8. 4
  9. 4
  10. 5
  11. 3
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